AI will have a wide area of application in our future society, where just about every cornerstone of our current businesses processes will experience turmoil – forcing our society to redefine the position of human beings as the race that dominates the global market.
Nevertheless, AI will not only supersede human beings in jobs requiring quantitative analysis, or includes repetitious forms of movements (while expecting a high cognitive capacity throughout the entire process), but I expect AI to serve as leaders for companies in the vast future, and to serve as managerial coaches in the near future. The benefit of using AI in managerial concerns lies within the opportunity and value of being able to ask an objective (depends on the learning process and self-awareness) entity on advice in a highly subjective situation should not go unnoticed.
Chances are that AI will run a majority of current jobs in the semi-near future, and I expect to see more jobs currently held by humans to be automated by AI of varying degrees of complexity. A bold statement, but let me clarify my arguments.
The two primary aptitudes of a human being are its physical and cognitive capabilities. In the first industrial revolution, the physical aspects of the human body were replaced by industrial machines, and businesses were able to increase their general throughput and output in their processes. The fourth industrial revolution, and in some sense the third, will undoubtedly replace the cognitive aspect of human beings in most business processes, as computers are able to process data in an immensely higher rate than human beings.
How human beings are to survive (and thrive) in the marketplace of the fourth industrial revolution can by no means be compared to how we managed to stay useful during the first industrial revolution. The latter replaced one of our two aptitudes, the former replaces the other, and therefore both of our unique aptitudes.
One could argue that the emotional capabilities of humans are going to play an increased role in our future society, and I do agree with that, but I do also expect AI to have good emotional capabilities as brain-like computing and self-organizing materials arise, and we are able to combine the use of materials that utilises plasticity in combination with AI that is self-aware, which we are bound to invent at some stage. Furthermore, emotional capabilities are nothing more than finely tuned neural pathways (even though we as emotional creatures most definitely argue that it is, in fact, not a “skill”), which inherently is a cognitive capability – and therefore trainable in a brainlike environment.
Undoubtedly, the rapid development of AI entails societal risks. The most obvious one being – what are humans supposed to do when a majority of jobs are being automated and replaced by autonomous AI entities?
I expect societies to slowly adapt towards basic income where citizens are guaranteed an income after solid economical constructs have been established regarding taxation of automated business processes.
In well-developed countries there is an inclination towards increased involvement in social activities and activities that paves the way towards self-actualization, which is a natural development of interest of human beings, considering all other basic needs are fulfilled, according to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
This fact most certainly correlates with the fact that there is an increased number of people suffering from mental illnesses and general dissatisfaction of life, and I expect people to focus increasingly on pursuits that increase their general satisfaction in life – which the increased use of AI in the global market allows.
When AI I discussed in public matters, it’s most often in regard to whether AI is going to be the destiny of the human race as we know it today, or whether we are going work side-by-side with our circuit-powered partners. I’m more inclined towards the latter, as I see no obvious reason to expect otherwise, and find that most people argue from their fear-driven amygdala rather than using rationality. Though, whether AI will be our friend or foe is a concern that we will know the answer to as we develop AI that is self-aware.